Publications by Thomas Whalen


"Uncertainty Quantification (UQ) in Complex System of Systems (SoS) Modeling and Simulation (M&S) Environments"
MarvinJ, Whaen T, Morantz B, Deiotte r, Garrett R,
Proceedings International Council on Systems Engineering (INCOSE) International Symposium 2014

"Propagation of Uncertainty in SystemsWith Both Probabilistic and Possibilistic Inputs"
Whalen, Thomas
Proceedings, North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society Conference,Cincinatti, 2014.



"Uncertainty quantification for possibilistic/probabilistic simulation."
Whalen, Thomas, Brad Morantz, and Murray Cohen.
Proceedings, North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society Conference,Cincinatti, 2013.



"Much ado about nothing: Fuzzy infinities and infinitesimals."
Whalen, Thomas, and M. Cohen.
Proceedings, North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society Conference,Cincinatti, 2012.


"Rare Threats: Possibilistic, Probabilistic, and Precautionary Analysis"
Whalen, T.
Proceedings, North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society Conference, El Paso, 2011.



"Possibilistic Risk Management and Counterfactual Probabilities"
Whalen, T., Taylor, T.., Cohen, M, and Smolarski, J
Human Systems Management 29:2, 2010.

"Assessing Probability and Possibility of Catastrophic Failure in Managed Systems using Sparse Fuzzy Data
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society Conference,Cincinatti, 2010.



"Improved Performance and Cost in Cyclical Production Systems"
Whalen, T., Smolarski, J. and Samaddar, S. 
Journal of Cost Analysis and Parametrics 2:1 (2009) 37-46.

"Audit Client Composition and Predicting Large Bank Failures: A Possibilistic Approach"
Smolarski, J., Whalen, T.,
Proceedings, North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society Conference,Cincinatti, 2009

"Why We Need Fuzzy Models in Bio-Risk Assessment"
Thomas Taylor Jr, Thomas Whalen and Murray Cohen, Proceedings, North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society Conference,Cincinatti, 2009

"Economic Value of Intelligence"
Whalen T.
Proceedings, North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society Conference,Cincinatti, 2009



"Application of Sensitivity Analysis, 'Worst Case' and Maximum Possible Risk (MPR) to Adventitious Events"
T. H. Taylor, Jr. T. Whalen M. Cohen
Proceedings, Joint Conference on Information Sciences, 2008.

"Explicit Spatial-Temporal Simulation of a Rare Disease"
L Bian, T Whalen, M Cohen, Y Huang, G Lee, E Lim, L Mao, Y Yang
Proceedings, Joint Conference on Information Sciences, 2008.

"Maximum Possible Risk Modeling"
M. Schütz, M. Cohen, T. Whalen, T. Taylor Jr., M. Strasser
Proceedings, Joint Conference on Information Sciences, 2008.

"Possibilistic Risk and Counterfactual Probabilities"
T. Whalen, T. Taylor, M. Cohen
Proceedings, Joint Conference on Information Sciences, 2008.

"Microbial Risk Assessment in a World of Evolving Public Health Needs"
M. Cohen T. H. Taylor, Jr. T. Whalen
Proceedings, Joint Conference on Information Sciences, 2008..

"Improving Performance in Cyclic Production Systems by Using Forced Variable Idle Setup Time"
S. Samaddar and T, Whalen
INFORMS Manufacturing and Service Operatiosn Management 10:2, 2008,173–180

"Neural Network Forecasting Using Recency Weighting"
Morantz, B. H., T. Whalen, and G. P. Zhang
in Frederic Adamm F.  and P. Humphreys (eds.) Encyclopedia of Decision Making
      and Decision Support Technologies,  IGI Global, 2008, 664-667.

"Possibilistic Risk Assessment"
Thomas Whalen and Carl Bronn
Proceedings, North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society Conference, New York  (2008)



"Implications of Low Level Human Exposure to Respirable B. anthracis"
M. Cohen and T. Whalen
Applied Biosafety, 12:2, 2007, 109-115

"Decision Tools to Benefit Children Needing Adoption"
Thomas Whalen and Daniel Pollack
Human Systems Management 20:1, 2007, 35-46

"Interpolating Between Fuzzy Rules using Improper S-Implications"
Thomas Whalen,
International Journal of Approxiimate Reasoning 45:1, 2007, 30-42

"Additive Weighted Ordered Weighted Average "
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings,  North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society Conference, San Diego  (2007)



"Modeling Consensus and Competition with Improper S-Implications"
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings,  North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society Conference, Montreal  (2006).



 "Estimating a Random Walk using Fuzzily Recent Data."
Whalen, T. and G. P. Zhang, 
Proceedings,  North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society Conference, Ann Arbor  (2005):139-144.

"What is the value of intelligence?"
Whalen, T.,
In: O.Hryniewicz, J. Kacprzyk, J. Koronacki, S.T. Wierzchon (Eds.) Issues in Intelligent Systems. Paradigms. EXIT, Warsaw, 2005, 309-317



"A Weighted Window Approach to Neural Network Time Series Forecasting"
Brad Morantz, Thomas Whalen, Peter G. Zhang
Chapter 13 in P. Zhang (ed.) Neural Networks in Business Forecasting,  IRM Press, 2004, p.251-265.

"Fuzzily recent data: a Monte Carlo experiment"
Thomas Whalen, G. Peter Zhang
Proceedings,  North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society Conference, 2004, Banff, p. 941-943



"Parameterized R-Implications"
Thomas Whalen
Fuzzy Sets and Systems Volume 134:2, 2003, p 231 - 281.

"Problem Solving: A Knowledge Management Process"
T. Whalen and S. Samaddar
Chapter 17 in C. Holsapple (ed.) Handbook on Knowledge Management Springer-Verlag, 2003, p. 349-366

"Controlling Selectivity and Consensus In Implication-Based Interpolation"
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, International Fuzzy Systems Association World Congress, Istanbul, 2003, o.9 - 12.

"When Does Variable Idling Improve Performance in Cyclic Manufacturing Systems?"
Subhashish Samaddar, Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, 2003 Decision Sciences Institute Annual Meeting,

"A Weighted Window Approach to Neural Network Time Series Forecasting"
Brad Morantz, Thomas Whalen, Peter G. Zhang
Proceedings, 2003 Decision Sciences Institute Annual Meeting,



"Decisions Under Uncertainty"
Geoff Churchill and Thomas whalen
in Kacprzyk J., M. Krawczak and S. Zadrozny (Eds.): "Issues in Information Technology", 
      EXIT, Warsaw, 2002, pp. 201-224.

"Soft Decision Analysis"
Thomas Whalen
in Kacprzyk J., M. Krawczak and S. Zadrozny (Eds.): "Issues in Information Technology", 
      EXIT, Warsaw, 2002, pp. 225-246.

"Achieving Synergy Between Computer Power and Human Reason"
Thomas Whalen
in Supplement to the Encyclopedia of Library and Information  Science, Volume 71 (Supplement 34), Marcel Dekker, 2002,
and also in Supplement to the Encyclopedia of Microcomputers , Volume 27  (Supplement 6), Marcel Dekker, 2001, p.1-14..

"Improper Strong Implication"
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings,  North American Fuzzy Information
     Processing Society Conference, 2002, New Orleans, p. 46-51



"Post-modern Management Science:
      A likely convergence of Soft Computing and Knowledge Management methods"
Thomas Whalen and Subhashish Samaddar
Human Systems Management 20:4, 2001, p.291-300

"Numeric Robustness and Linguistic Perspicuity:
     A Hybrid Approach to Knowledge Acquisition"
Thomas Whalen and Gwangyong Gim
Chapter 9 in P. Wang  (ed:) Computing With Words, Wiley, 2001, p.277-296.

"Decision Making Under Uncertainty With Ordinal  Linguistic Data"
Thomas Whalen
in D. Ruan, J. Kacprzyk, M.Fedrizzi (Eds.) Soft Computing for Risk
Evaluation and Management. Applications in Technology, Environment and
Finance. Physica-Verlag, Heidelberg & New York, 2001, pp. 3-16.

"What is the Value of Intelligence?"
Thomas Whalen
in Meystel, A.M., Messine, E.R., (Eds.), Measuring the Performance
and Intelligence of Systems (proceedings of the 200 PERMIS Workshop),
National Institute of Standards and Technology Special Publication 970,
US Government Printing office, Washington DC, 2001, p. 68-71.

"Decision making With Fuzzy Statistical Confidence Intervals"
Brian Schott and Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, First International Conference on Soft Computing  and
Computing With Words in Systems Analysis, Decision, and Control,
Antalya, Turkey, June 2001, p76-80.

"Empirical Comparison of Techniques for Linguistic Approximation"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
Proceedings,  North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society
     Conference, 2001, Vancouver, Canada, p. 93-97.



"Relative Strength of Knowledge Granules"
Thomas Whalen
International Journal of Artificial Intelligence Tools 9:4 (2000), p. 439-458
Peach Fuzz 2000: 19th International Conference of the North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society .
Thomas Whalen, edtior
Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engieers, 2000 ISBN 0780362748

"Flexible Queries in the eCommerce Shopping Mall: A Discursive Analysis "
Thomas Whalen, Arun Rai, Thomas Flynn
in Larsen, H.L., Kacprzyk, J., Zadrozny, S., Andreasen, T.,
      Christiansen, H., (Eds.), Flexible Query Answering Systems: Recent Advances,
      Springer-Verlag, 2000, p. 602-612.

"Optimizing Ordinal Utility Using Quadratic Programming & Psychophysical Theory"
Thomas Whalen and Geng Wang
Proceedings,  North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society
     Conference, 2000, p.307-310.

"Linguistic Approximation of Nonconvex Membership Functions Using
      'Except' or 'Or'"
Brian Schott, Thomas Whalen
Proceedings,  North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society
      Conference, 2000, p.388-391.

"Decision Risk Minimization by Computational Semiotics"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
Proceedings, Joint Conference on Information Sciences, 2000, p33.36.



"Logical Second Order Models:  Achieving Synergy Between Computer Power
        and Human Reason"
Gwangyong Gim and Thomas Whalen
Information Sciences 114:1-4 (1999) pp. 81-104.

"Linguistic Data-Mining:  Fire Risk Classification in a Newly-Developed Country"
Gwangyong Gim and Thomas Whalen
in R.R. Ribeiro, R.R. Yager, H.-J. Zimmermann and J. Kacprzyk (eds.):
        Soft Computing in Financial Engineering, Springer-Verlag, (1999) pp. 433-445.

"Linguistic Summarization of Data for Making Pricing Decisions on
        Derivative Financial Instruments"
Gwangyong Gim and Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, Eighth International Fuzzy Systems Association World Congress,
        Taipei, 1999, Volume 1, p. 34-38.

"Weakly Interacting Knowledge granules"
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, Eighth International Fuzzy Systems Association World Congress,
        Taipei, 1999,  Volume 1, p. 410-414.

"Strongly Interacting Knowledge Granules"
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, 1999 IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems,
        Seoul, 1999,  volume 3, p. 1609-1614.

"Strong and Weak Knowledge Granules in Context"
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, 1999 North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society Conference
        New York, 1999, p.327-331



"A Family of Residuated Implication Functions Based on Parameterized T-Norms"
Thomas Whalen
Notes on Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets 4:3, p.92-99, 1998.

"Interaction of Fuzzy Knowledge Granules For Conjunctive Logic"
Thomas Whalen
Chapter 20 in Ayyub, B. (ed.): Uncertainty Analysis in Engineering and
        the Sciences, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998, p. 301-311.

"Comparison of Probabilistic and Possibilistic Decision Support"
Brian Schott and Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, Third International Conference on Applications of Fuzzy Logic
    and Soft Computing, 1998,  p. 42-47.

"Cubic Splines and Fuzzy Interpolation: A Visual Comparison"
Thomas Whalen and B. Schott
Proceedings, 17th Annual Meeting of the North American Fuzzy
    Information Processing Society, 1998, p. 226-230.

"Defuzzification Nonmonotonicity in Material Implication Logics"
Brian Schott and Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, 17th Annual Meeting of the North American Fuzzy
    Information Processing Society, 1998, p. 291-295.
Mixed-Logic Interpolation of Differentiable Functions
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, 1998 IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence,
        p.961-966



"Attractor Strength and Decision Structure: An Experiment Refining
     Yager's Measures of Decision Confidence"
Carol F. Hartz, Brian M. Schott and Thomas H. Whalen
International Journal of General Systems 26:4 (1997) 325-336

"Fuzzy Granulation and Modular Tiling: A Useful Duality"
Thomas Whalen
Proc. 1997 N. Amer. Fuzzy Information Processing Society Conference p.288-293

"The Effect of Granule Size and Overlap On Mamdani-type Fuzzy
        Knowledge-Based Systems"
Thomas Whalen & Brian Schott
Proc. Third Joint Conference on Information Sciences, N.
     Carolina, 1997, Volume 1 p.214-29.



"Second Order Logical System for Risk Classification in a Newly Developed Country"
Thomas Whalen and Gwangyong Gim
Int. Journal of Uncertainty, Fuzziness and Knowledge-Based Systems 4:5 (1996),
        p. 421-430

"Control of Error in Fuzzy Logic Modeling"
Thomas Whalen, Gwangyong Gim and Brian Schott
Fuzzy Sets and Systems 80:1, 1996, p.23-35.

"Exact Solutions for Interacting Rules in Generalized Modus Ponens
     with Parameterized Implication Operators"
Thomas Whalen
Information Sciences: Intelligent Systems 92:1, 1996, p.211-232

"Perspicuity and Robustness in a Hybrid Approach to Knowledge Acquisition"
Thomas Whalen and Gwangyong Gim
Proc. 1996 Int'l Multidisciplinary Conf.. on Intelligent Systems: A
     Semiotic Perspective, p. 300-305

"Superadditive Strong Implication in Fuzzy Rule-based Interpolation"
Thomas Whalen"
Proc. Fifth IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems,
     1996, p. 1624-1630.

"Nonmonotonicity and Discretization Error in Fuzzy Rule-Based
     Control Using COA and MOM Defuzzificztion"
Brian Schott and Thomas Whalen
Proc. Fifth IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems, 1996, p.450-456.

"On Kleene-Diens Inference"
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings of 1996 NAFIPS Conference, p.536-540

"Hybrid Approach to Automated Knowledge Acquisition: Logical Second Order
        Models Making Sense of Neural Nets and Logistic Regression,"
Thomas Whalen, Gwangyong Gim, and K. Son,
Proceedings of 1996 World Congress on Expert Systems, Seoul, p.839-846.



"Lexicographic Tuning of a Fuzzy Controller"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
in Bien, Z. and K.C. Min,(eds.): Fuzzy Logic and Its Applications to
     Engineering, Information Sciences, and Intelligent Systems,
     Kluwer, 1995, p. 91-100

"Hybrid Approaches to Automated Knowledge Acquisition and Human
     Knowledge Elicitation"
Gwangyong Gim and Thomas Whalen
Proceedings of 4th Annual Conf.. on Fuzzy Theory & Technology,  N.
     Carolina, 1995, p.526-529.

"Exact Solutions for Interacting Rules Using Conjunctive Logic"
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings Of 1995 NAFIPS Workshop, Maryland, p.369-372.

"An Empirical Study of Attractor Strength as a Function of
     Decision Structure""
Carol Hartz, Brian Schott, and Thomas Whalen
Proceedings Of 1995 NAFIPS Workshop, Maryland, p. 281--285.

"Term Set Design in Fuzzy Controllers"
Brian Schott and Thomas Whalen
Proceedings Of Sixth International Fuzzy Systems Association
     Conference, Brazil, July 1995 p.185-188.

"Exact Solutions for Rule Interactions Using Parameterized
     R-Implications
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings Of Sixth International Fuzzy Systems Association
     Conference, Brazil, July 1995, p.507-510.



"Fuzzy Uncertainty in Imperfect Competition"
Brian Schott and Thomas Whalen
Information Sciences: Intelligent Systems 76:3&4, 1994, p.339-354

"Interval Probabilities Induced by Decision Problems"
Thomas Whalen
in Mario Fedrizzi, Janusz Kacprzyk and Ronald Yager (eds.):
     Advances in the Dempster-Shafer Theory of Evidence, John
     Wiley & Sons, 1994, p.353-374.

"Rule Interactions in Generalized Modus Ponens with Parameterized
        S-Implications"
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings of 3rd Annual Conf.. on Fuzzy Theory & Technology,
     Pinehurst, N. Carolina, 1994, p. 128-132

"Decision Tranquillity Under Choice: An Empirical Study of the
     Continuum of Tranquillity"
Brian Schott, Carol Hartz, and Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, 1994 Annual Conference of the North American Fuzzy
     Information Processing Society, p. 166-167, 1994.

"Dimensions of Knowledge: Fact or Skill, Quality or Quantity:
Gwangyong Gim and Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, 1994 Annual Conference of the North American Fuzzy
     Information Processing Society, p. 447-448, 1994.

"Consensus and Selectivity in Fuzzy Rule Based Interpolation"
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, 1994 Annual Conference of the North American Fuzzy
     Information Processing Society, p. 18-21, 1994.

"Alternative Fuzzy Controller Logics"
Brian Schott and Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, Third IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems,
     1994, p.1568-1573.



"An Object-Oriented Approach for Knowledge-Based System for
     Qualitative Data Analysis"
Bijan Fazlollahi, Mihir Parikh and Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, First European Conference on Fuzzy and Intelligent
     Technologies, 1993, p.229-235
 
"Whittaker Graduation is Lukasiewicz Fuzzy Graduation"
Gwangyong Gim and Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, 1993 North American Fuzzy Information Processing
     Society Workshop, p.212-216

"Discretization Error in Fuzzy Logic Modeling"
Thomas Whalen, Gwangyong Gim, and Brian Schott
Proceedings, Fifth International Fuzzy systems Association World
     Congress, 1993, p.46-49

"Graduating Actuarial Tables Using Fuzzy Set Theory"
Thomas Whalen and Gwangyong Gim
Proceedings, Fifth International Fuzzy Systems Association World
     Congress, 1993, p.183-186

"Optimal Tuning of a Fuzzy Controller Using Box' 'Complex' Algorithm"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
Proceedings, Fifth International Fuzzy Systems Association World
     Congress, 1993, p.1350-1353

"Hybrid Neural-Statistical Classification System for Potential
     Medical Malpractice Claims"
Thomas Whalen and Gwangyong Gim
Proceedings, Second Decision Science Institute International
     Meeting, 1993, p.216-219

"Lexicographic Tuning of a Fuzzy Controller Using Box' 'Complex'
     Algorithm"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
Proceedings, Second IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy
     Systems, 1993, p.285-290

"Fuzzy Sensitivity Analysis in a DSS Modeling an Oligopolistic
     Environment"
Brian Schott and Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, Second IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy
     Systems, 1993, p.768-772



"Usuality, Regularity, and Fuzzy Set Logic"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
International Journal of Approximate Reasoning, 6:4 (June
     1992) pages 481-504

"Presumption, Prejudice and Regularity in Fuzzy Material
     Implication"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
in Janusz Kacprzyk and Lotfi Zadeh (eds.):  Fuzzy Logic for the
     Management of Uncertainty, p. 265-280,  John Wiley & Sons,
     1992.

"Fuzzy Linguistic Inference Network Generator"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
in A. Kandel (ed.) :  Fuzzy Expert Systems, Chemical Rubber Co,
     pages 113-124, 1992.

"Decision Analysis With Approximate Probabilities"
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, 1992 North American Fuzzy Information Processing
     Association Conference, pages 229-238, 1992

"Tuning a Fuzzy Controller using Quadratic Response Surfaces"
Brian Schott and Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, 1992 North American Fuzzy Information Processing
     Association Conference, pages 330-339, 1992

"Effect of Communication Media on Human-Computer and
     Human-to-Human Interactions in Distant Group Decision Making"
Yong Jong Hur and Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, 1992 Decision Sciences Institute Annual Meeting,
     pages 635-637, 1992.

"Empirical Validation of Yager's Measure of Decision Tranquility"
Brian Schott and Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, 1992 IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems,
     p. 585-602



"Varieties of Hedged Implication"
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, International Fuzzy Systems Association 1991
     Conference, Volume: Artificial Intelligence, pages 206-209, 1991.

"Numerical Construction of Fuzzy Profit"
Brian Schott and Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, International Fuzzy Systems Association 1991 Conference, Volume: Computer,
     Management & Systems Science, pages 240-243, 1991.

"Analysis of Error in Fuzzy Inference"
Brian Schott and Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society 1991 Workshop, p.78-81, 1991

"Decisions With Underdetermined Probabilities"
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society 1991 Workshop, p.8-12, 1991

"Actions as Evidence:  Multiple Epistemic Agents Acting Under Uncertainty"
Thomas Whalen and Hamid Berenji
Proceedings, Second Annual Conf.. on AI, Simulation and Planning in High Autonomy Systems, p.21-30, 1991


"Evidential Teams"
Thomas Whalen and Carl Bro/nn
in Kacprzyk, J. and Fedrizzi, M.:  Multiperson Decision Making Models Using Fuzzy Sets
       and Possibility Theory, p. 267-285, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1990.

"Hurwicz and Regret Criteria Extended to Decisions With Interval Probabilities"
Thomas Whalen and Carl Bro/nn
Proceedings, 1990 North American Fuzzy Information Processing Association Conference p.219-222, 1990

"Sources of Error in Fuzzy Inference"
Brian Schott and Thomas Whalen
Proceedings, 1990 North American Fuzzy Information Processing Association Conference p.223-226, 1990



"Presumption and Prejudice in Logical Inference"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
International Journal of Approximate Reasoning 3:5, Sept. 1989

"Evidential Teams and Group Decision Making"
Thomas Whalen and Carl Bro/nn
Proceedings of the Third International Fuzzy Systems Association Conference, 1989

"Usuality in Fuzzy Set Logic"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
Proceedings of the Third International Fuzzy Systems Association Conference, 1989



"Mixed Initiative, Goal Directed Dialog in a Fuzzy Knowledge Based Consultant System"
Thomas Whalen
International Journal of Approximate Reasoning 2:1, 1988

"Essentials of Decision Making Under Generalized Uncertainty"
Thomas Whalen and Carl Bro/nn
in J. Kacprzyk and M. Fedrizzi (eds.) Combining Fuzzy Imprecision
     with Probabilistic Uncertainty in Decision Making, Springer-Verlag, 1988.

"Prejudice, Denial, and Modus Ponens in Forward Inference"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
Proceedings, 1988 North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society Conference.

"Control of Linguistic Inference Through Interactive Graphics"
Tomas Whalen and Brian Schott
Proceedings, 1988 North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society Conference.

"Experimental Evaluation of Nominal Groups With Dichotomous Points of View"
Thomas Whalen and Davant Bullard
Proceedings, 1988 Decision Sciences Institute Annual Meeting.

"The Effects of Ambiguity, Completeness, and Experience on Managers' Performance"
Thomas Whalen, Dale Shao, Brian Schott, and Nancy Hall
Proceedings, 1988 Decision Sciences Institute Annual Meeting.



"Fuzzy Knowledge in Rulebased Systems"
Thomas Whalen, Brian Schott, Nancy Green, and Fred Ganoe
in B. Silverman (ed.):  Expert Systems for Business, Addison-Wesley, 1987.

"Interactive Task Assignment With Composite Fuzzy Preference Relations:  An Application to Faculty Scheduling"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
in J. Bezdek (ed.):  The Analysis of Fuzzy Information Volume II: Artificial Intelligence
     and Decision Systems, Chemical Rubber Company, 1987.

"Introduction to Decision Making Under Uncertainty"
Thomas Whalen
in J. Kacprzyk and S. Orlovski (eds.):  Optimization Models Using
     Fuzzy Sets and Possibility Theory, Springer-Verlag, 1987.

"Uncertainty, Complexity, and Equivocality in Organizational Information"
Thomas Whalen and Dwight Tabor
Modeling and Simulation 18:3 (Proceedings of Eighteenth Annual Conference), 1987.

"Uncertainty, Complexity, Equivocality:  Decision Support Systems Implications"
Thomas Whalen and Dwight Tabor
Proceedings of 1987 IEEE Int'l Conference on Systems, Man, & Cybernetics.

"Modus Ponens, Modus Tollens, and Fuzzy Relations in Goal Directed Inference"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
Proceedings of 1987 IEEE Int'l Conference on Systems, Man, & Cybernetics.

"Searching for the Best Problem-Solving Tools While the Problem is Still Ill-Structured"
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings of International Symposium on Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge Engineering, 1987.

"Three Reasons for Approximate Reasoning"
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings of Second International Fuzzy Systems Association Conference, 1987.
"
Backward Chaining with Fuzzy Goals and Rules"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
Proceedings of 1987 North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society Conference.



"Financial Ratio Analysis"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
in C. Negoita and H. Prade (eds.): Fuzzy Logics in Knowledge  Engineering, Verlag TUV Rhineland GmbH, 1986.

"A Linguistic Inference System With Mixed-Initiative Dialog"
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings of 1986 North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society Conference.

"Evaluation of a Fuzzy Knowledge System for Liquidity Assessment"
Thomas Whalen, Fred Ganoe, and Brian Schott
Proceedings of 1986 North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society Conference.

"Decision Making Under Generalized Uncertainty:  Comparison of  Techniques"
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings of 1986 IEEE Int'l Conference on Systems, Man, & Cybernetics.

"Evaluation of the Cause Diagnosis Function of a Prototype Fuzzy-Logic-Based
      Knowledge System for Financial Ratio Analysis"
Thomas Whalen, Fred Ganoe, and Dwight Tabor
Proceedings of 1986 IEEE Int'l Conference on Systems, Man, & Cybernetics.

"Efficient Knowledge Representation For Linguistic Inference"
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings of 1986 Conference on Intelligent Systems & Machines.

"Beginners' Strategies in Example Based Expert Systems"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
Proceedings of 1986 Int'l Symposium of Methodologies for Intelligent Systems.



"Generalized Network Modeling and Diagnosis Using Financial Ratios"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
Information Sciences 36, December 1985.

"Alternative Logics For Approximate Reasoning:  A Comparative Study"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
International Journal of Man-Machine Studies 22, March 1985.

"Goal-Directed Approximate Reasoning in a Fuzzy Production System"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
in M. Gupta (ed.):  Approximate Reasoning in Expert Systems, North-Holland 1985.

"SAPIR:  A New Approach to Linguistic Approximation"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
Proceedings of 1985 IEEE Int'l Conference on Systems, Man, & Cybernetics.

"Advances in Linguistic Processing"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
Proceedings of 1985 IEEE Int'l Conference on Languages for Automation.

"Programming Languages for Fuzzy Expert Systems:  APL vs. LISP"
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings of 1985 Conference on Intelligent Systems & Machines.

"Expert Systems to Support Business Managers"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
Proceedings of 1985 American Institute for Decision Sciences National Conference.

"An Interdisciplinary Practicum in Expert Systems"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
Proceedings of 1985 Int'l Business School Computer Users Group North American Conference.


"Decision-Making Under Uncertainty With Various Assumptions About Available Information"
Thomas Whalen
IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man & Cybernetics SMC-14:6, November 1984.

"Fuzzy Knowledge Based Systems in Management"
Thomas Whalen
Human Systems Management 4 (1984).
 
"Decision Analysis With Commensurate Ordinal Data"
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings of 1984 IEEE Int'l Conference on Systems, Man, & Cybernetics.

"Symbolic Structures, Duality, and Fuzzy Mathematics in a Scheduling Decision Support System"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
Proceedings of 1984 IEEE Int'l Conference on Systems, Man, & Cybernetics

"A Scheduling Decision Support System Using Fuzzy Mathematics"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
Proceedings of 1984 American Institute for Decision Sciences National Conference.

"Fuzzy Knowledge Based Decision Support Systems"
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings of 1984 Association for Computing Machinery Southeastern Conference.



"Decision Support with Fuzzy Production Systems"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
in P. Wang (ed.): Advances in Fuzzy Set Theory and Applications, Plenum 1983.
 
"Issues in Fuzzy Production Systems"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
International Journal of Man-Machine Studies 19, July 1983.

"Office Technology and Socio-Economic Change:  1840-1955"
Thomas Whalen
IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, June 1983.

"fINDex, An Intelligent Index for Business Forecasting"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
Proceedings of 1983 IEEE Int'l Conference on Systems, Man & Cybernetics.

"Representing and Manipulating Fuzzy Knowledge About Forecasting
     Problems and Techniques"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
Proceedings of 1983 IEEE Int'l Conference on Systems, Man & Cybernetics.


"Decision Analysis With Very Little Information"
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings of 1982 American Society for Information Science  Mid-year Conference.

"Fault Diagnosis in a Fuzzy Network"
Thomas Whalen, Brian Schott, and Fred Ganoe
Proceedings of 1982 IEEE Int'l Conference on Cybernetics &  Society.


"Infrastructures for an Information Society"
Thomas Whalen, S. Harris, W. Robinson, C. Esperson, and E. Martin
Proceedings of 1981 IEEE Int'l Conference on Cybernetics & Society.

"Fuzzy Production Systems For Decision Support"
Thomas Whalen and Brian Schott
Proceedings of 1981 IEEE Int'l Conference on Cybernetics & Society.

"Fuzzy Mathematics:  Applications For Decision Science"
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings of 1981 American Institute for Decision Sciences National Conference.



"Risk Minimization Using L-Fuzzy Sets"
Thomas Whalen
Proceedings of 1980 IEEE Int'l Conference on Cybernetics & Society.



"The Decision Analysis Problem as an Experimental Paradigm for the
     Study of Human Information Processing"
Thomas Whalen and Su-Wah Chan
Proceedings of 1979 IEEE Int'l Conference on Cybernetics &
     Society.

USING DECISION-ANALYTIC TECHNIQUES TO CONSTRAIN THE PARAMETERS OF
     AND TO EVALUATE MODELS OF HUMAN RATIONAL DECISION PROCESSES
Thomas Whalen
Ph. D. Dissertation, Michigan State University, 1979.


A COMPUTER MODEL OF MAN AS AN ORGANIZATIONAL DECISION MAKER
Thomas Whalen
M. A. Thesis, Michigan State University, 1975.